sport, both amateur and professional, involving attack and defense with the fists. Boxers usually wear padded. Matched in weight and ability, boxing contestants try to land blows hard and often with their fists, each attempting to avoid the blows of the opponent. A boxer wins a match either by outscoring the opponent—points can be tallied in several ways—or by rendering the opponent incapable of continuing the match. Bouts range from 3 to 12 rounds, each round normally lasting three minutes.
Taekwondo is one of the most systematic and scientific Korean traditional martial arts, that teaches more than physical fighting skills. It is a discipline that shows ways of enhancing our spirit and life through training our body and mind. Today, it has become a global sport that has gained an international reputation, and stands among the official games in the Olympics.
Let's take a closer look at the meaning of the word "Tae" "Kwon" "Do." It is composed of three parts as shown in the English spelling, though it is one word in Korean. "Tae" means "foot," "leg," or "to step on"; "Kwon" means "fist," or "fight"; and "Do" means the "way" or "discipline." If we put these three parts together, we can see two important concepts behind "Tae Kwon Do".
Muay Thai is a form of hard martial art practiced in large parts of
the world, including Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries.
The art is similar to others in Southeast Asia such as: pradalserey
in Cambodia, lethwei in Myanmar, tomoi in Malaysia, and Lao boxing in
Laos. Muay Thai has a long history in Thailand and is the country's
national sport. Traditional Muay Thai practiced today varies
significantly from the ancient art muayboran and uses kicks and
punches in a ring with gloves similar to those used in Western
Muay Thai is referred to as "The Art of the Eight Limbs", as the
hands, shins, elbows, and knees are all used extensively in this art.
A practitioner of Muay Thai ("nakmuay") thus has the ability to
execute strikes using eight "points of contact," as opposed to "two
points" (fists) in Western boxing and "four points" (fists, feet)
used in the primarily sport-oriented forms of martial arts
Wrestling is a sport as old as mankind itself. Since the dawn of time men have been pitted against each other in physical hand-to-hand combat, making this almost certainly the most ancient of Olympic sports.
It's a simple concept. Two men or women wrestle until one is declared the winner. Over the years, wrestling techniques have become more sophisticated and generally speaking the winner of any wrestling bout is the person who has the better technique, strength and overall fitness.
Wrestling is split into Greco-Roman and Freestyle disciplines. In Freestyle wrestling the competitors have a much greater freedom. They can use not only their arms and bodies, but also their legs and can take a hold of their opponent anywhere that allows them to overpower and gain total control of them.
In Greco-Roman Wrestling, it is strictly forbidden to grasp the opponent below the belt line, or to trip him or to use the legs actively to perform any action.
In Free Style wrestling, however, it is permissible to grasp the legs of the opponent, to trip him and to use the legs actively to perform any action. Female wrestling follows the rules of freestyle, forbidding however the Double Nelsons
jitsu is a martial art and combat sport that teaches a smaller person how to defend himself against a larger adversary by using leverage and proper technique. The Gracie family, the founders of BJJ, modified judo and traditional Japanese jujutsu to create the art. It contains stand-up maneuvers, but it is most famous for its devastating ground-fighting techniques. Gaining superior positioning—so one can apply the style's numerous chokes, holds, locks and joint manipulations on an opponent—is the key in BJJ.
1 ) Just what IS mixed martial arts?
Mixed Martial Arts is the fastest growing sport in the world. MMA encompasses disciplines from various martial arts and Olympic sports, such as boxing, kick-boxing, karate, jiu-jitsu, muay thai, tae kwon do, wrestling and judo.
Rounds are five minutes in length and there are typically three rounds in a contest, unless it's a championship fight (or a non-title UFC main event), in which case, the contest lasts five rounds.
2 ) Mixed martial arts is the sport NOT the UFC
Mixed Martial Arts is the name of the sport. The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is the name of the premier organisation. Akin to basketball being the sport, but the NBA being the name most people associate with it.
The UFC has been the driving force behind the sports popularity and they have done a great job of marketing their brand. However, we've all heard casual fans tell their friends that they 'train UFC', so next time you hear that, politely correct them.
3 ) Yes, there ARE rules. Many rules...
A common misconception is that MMA has no rules, when in fact, it has many. The Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts is the most common rule set used throughout the world. All state athletic commissions in the United States adopt the Unified Rules to help regulate the sport.
The rules are thorough and include the size of the fighting area, specifications about hand wrapping and information on judging and fouls, amongst many other things. They are an essential read for those wanting to understand the sport.
4 ) There are fouls too
In the Unified Rules, there more than 25 fouls officially listed. Some examples are; no head butting, no small joint manipulation and no unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent.
If a foul is determined by the referee as intentional and flagrant, he can disqualify the competitor. Typically, a foul will result in a point being deducted, which could be crucial in a three round fight. A fouled fighter has up to five minutes to recuperate.
5 ) MMA DOES have weight classes
The current weight classes in the UFC are:
Flyweight up to 125 lbs
Bantamweight over 125 to 135 lbs
Featherweight over 135 to 145 lbs
Lightweight over 145 to 155 lbs
Welterweight over 155 to 170 lbs
Middleweight over 170 to 185 lbs
Light Heavyweight over 185 to 205 lbs
Heavyweight over 205 to 265 lbs
6 ) How is a fight scored?
There are three judges sat cage side, each with a different viewpoint of the contest. They evaluate MMA techniques, such as effective striking, effective grappling, control of the fighting area, effective aggressiveness and defense.
They use the 10-Point Must System, the winner of the round gets 10 points, the loser gets 9 or less, unless, in rare occurrences, it's an even 10-10 round.
7) The cage is actually for the safety of the athletes
The term 'cage fighting' is detestable, but the cage (referred to as 'The Octagon' in the UFC) is an essential part of fighter safety. In the Australian state of Victoria, MMA events that use a cage are banned, when in fact, the cage is used to protect the athletes, particularly when the wrestling aspect of the sport is involved.
The Unified rules of MMA state, 'The fighting canvas area shall be enclosed by a fence made of such material as will not allow a fighter to fall out or break through it onto the floor or spectators'.
8) MMA fighters are highly skilled sportsmen and women
MMA fighters are some of the most well conditioned and skilled athletes in sport. It takes years of dedication and hard training to be successful. Many MMA fighters in the UFC have University degrees, as a direct result of their wrestling scholarships.
In the UK, you'd be hard pressed to find sportsmen and women more articulate and approachable. The first female UFC fighter from the UK, Rosi Sexton was even a Cambridge graduate!
9) The UFC is the biggest organisation but it's NOT the only one
UFC programming is broadcast in over 145 countries, to nearly 800 million TV households worldwide, in 28 different languages. The UFC is also the largest pay-per-view event provider in the world. Yes, it's huge.
However, there are other organisations. In America, Bellator Fighting Championship averages over 600,000 viewers for their fight cards. The standout organisation on our shores is unquestionably, Cage Warriors. A respected organisation, Cage Warriors has been the starting point for many current and former UFC fighters.
10 ) A fight can finish a number of different ways
The ways in which a bout can end are as follows: submission, technical knockout, knockout, judges decision, forfeit, technical draw or decision and no contest.
At the time of the UFC's 20th Anniversary in November 2013, there had been 833 knockouts, 644 Submissions, 964 Decisions and 34 Other results in the UFC.
11 ) Handshakes and hugs are important (really)
There is a unique and unparalleled respect in MMA. Fighters have even been known to talk and joke with each other before they weigh in and face off.
There is an entertainment aspect to the sport, but at the end of many bouts, the fighters will shake hands and embrace in the Octagon and then again backstage. They respect their opponent and they respect the sport.